Asas Trading

Kenali Pair

Apakah itu Pair? Pair ialah istilah untuk matawang yg dibandingkan untuk diniagakan. Cth pair ialah seperti EUR/USD (EU), GBP/USD (GU), EUR/YEN dll. Cara untuk meniagakan pair ini ialah apabila kita memilih pasangan matawang seperti EUR/USD. Sebagai cth, jika pair EUR/USD itu diniagakan sebanyak EUR/USD=1.5000 dan anda membeli pair tsb maka bermakna utk setiap 1.5EUR yg anda jual, anda membeli (menerima) 1USD.

Apakah itu PIP? Pip: Minimum fluctuation or smallest increment of price movement. Pip: Perubahan kecil yg berlaku kepada pergerakan harga Cth: GU 1.9070, menjadi 1.9000, maka PIP ialah 70pips.

Buy dan Sell

Buy dan Sell adalah istilah pertama yg anda kena pelajari dalam memulakan trading didalam forex.

  • Buy bermaksud anda membeli pair utama dgn menjangkakan pair utama akan menjadi kukuh. Cth beli GBP utk pair GBP/USD dalam keadaan pair tersebut Bullish.
  • Sell bermaksud anda membeli pair kedua dgn menjangkakan pair kedua tersebut akan menjadi kuat. Cth beli USD utk pair GBP/USD, dalam keadaan pair tersebut Bearish.
  • Bullish – adalah istilah utk pair tersebut yg berkecenderungan utk naik.
  • Bearish – adalah istilah utk pair tersebut yg berkecenderung utk turun.
  • Istilah2 ini juga dipanggil sebagai Long dan Short, yg mana;

  • Buy -> Long ->Bullish
  • Sell -> Short ->Bearish
  • Pending order

    Kebanyakan trading platform membenarkan satu fungsi yg dinamakan set order.


  • Buy stop kalau anda hendak price itu naik dahulu beberapa pips baru anda buy
  • Sell limit kalau anda hendak price itu naik dahulu baru anda sell.
  • Buy limit kalau anda hendak price itu turun dahulu beberapa pips baru anda buy.
  • Sell stop kalau anda hendak price itu turun dahulu beberapa pips baru anda sell.
  • Stop Loss dan Exit Target

    Stop loss (SL) dan Exit target (ET atau sesetengah org memanggil Target Point TP) ialah satu setting yg digunakan bertujuan utk keluar dari pasaran setelah pergerakan market berlaku. 
    Stop Loss digunakan untuk menghalang posisi anda dari terus mengalami kerugian sekiranya keadaan market itu bergerak kearah bertentangan dengan posisi anda, manakala, 
    Exit Target digunakan untuk mengambil keuntungan setelah market bergerah kearah posisi anda. 
    Kedua2 fungsi ini sangat penting terutama SL utk anda mengelak dari mengalami kerugian yg besar sehingga satu keadaan dipanggil margin call yg mana server akan secara automatik menutup posisi anda apabila anda mengalami kerugian yg besar sehingga kurang dari 1% dari jumlah margin anda.

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