Apt-cdrom can’t mount device

Binary package hint: synaptic

This bug concerns the pre-installed Ubuntu x.xx on the Dell 1420 laptop: sudo apt-cdrom add cannot mount the CD_ROM (ditto for synaptic). There is a known fix (see below)- the reason I’m reporting it is because it occurs on the *pre-installed* Ubuntu. The consequence is that the user can’t install more packages from the Ubuntu CD “out of the box” (like build-essential, which is needed for gcc to find the standard include files). Instead he has to perform some sysadmin functions that are likely beyond the technical competence of many users- it was for me anyway.

Anyway, here’s the relevent configuration out of the box:
In / we have:
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 11 2007-08-25 01:15 cdrom -> media/cdrom

In /media we have:
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 6 2007-08-25 01:16 cdrom -> cdrom0
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 1024 2007-06-21 07:12 cdrom0
dr-xr-xr-x 13 ben root 4096 2007-04-15 06:52 Ubuntu 7.04 i386

(The last entry there is the actual CD.)

mount shows:
/dev/hda on /media/Ubuntu x.xx i386 type iso9660 (ro,nosuid,nodev,uid=1000,utf

in /etc/fstab we have:
/dev/scd0 /media/cdrom0 udf,iso9660 user,noauto 0 0

The solution (one of many probably) is to change the entry in /etc/fstab from /dev/scd0 to /dev/hda

I’m new around here, so I don’t know all the issues involved, but shouldn’t we be able to insure that in the pre-installed Ubuntu on Dell, synaptic and apt-cdrom work without any problem? Is this an issue for Ubuntu or for the Dell installation of it?

Source ::   launchpad-logo-and-name-hierarchy

Ubah Pidgin icon theme

Pidgin adalah instant messenger di dalam Ubuntu yang terinstall selepas install ubuntu itu sendiri.Pidgin menyokong protokol-protokol seperti;

Bagi pengguna yahoo messenger, adalah lebih baik menggunakan pidgin di dalam ubuntu.Namun buat masa ini,pidgin masih lagi tidak menyediakan fungsi call pc-2-pc dan fungsi webcam.Untuk call pc-2-pc, kita masih boleh menggunakan skype dan sbgnya.

Oleh kerana pidgin adalah instant messenger terbaik yang kita ada buat masa ini,dan kita terpaksa menunggu mungkin beberapa tahun lagi untuk mempunyai fungsi lengkap seperti yahoo messenger(versi 8), maka jalan lain yang boleh difikirkan apabila ingin call pc-2-pc atau webcam ialah boot kedalam windows!That’s all!

Saya tidak mahu berbicara panjang soal itu.Ok,anda mungkin bosan dengan icon default sesuatu perisian dan pidgin adalah salah satu daripada perisian yang saya maksudkan.Bagaimana untuk mengubahnya/menukarnya?

Dalam ubuntu, icon-icon yang digunaipakai oleh software terletak dalam folder /usr/share/pixmaps/ .Ingin mengubahnya terlalu senang,hanya perlu replace icon/folder yang mengandungi icon software yang ingin diubah.Senangkan?Nampak macam senang, namun kita tidak dibenarkan sesuka hati mengubahnya/mengantikannya(replace) jika kita bukan “root”.

Soalannya ialah bagaimana untuk “menjadi” root?Itulah gunanya terminal.Beberapa pengetahuan asal mengenai command-command terminal perlu difahami oleh pengguna ubuntu untuk memudahkan kerja menukar dan mengubah.Jika pengguna tidak suka mengubah apa-apa, lainlah pula ceritanya.

Ubah icon tema bagi pidgin

1>Pergi ke page ini dan dowload file yang diberikan.Atau download directly:

Save di desktop(cadangan).
2>Extract file berkenaan.(Folder pidgin akan muncul pada desktop)
3>Buka Terminal

Keterangan gambar:
1-bermaksud change directory (to) Desktop
2-bermaksud saya ingin move pidgin directory ke dalam folder /usr/share/pixmaps tapi error(boleh baca)
3-change directory (to) /usr/share/pixmaps
4-bermaksud saya rename folder pidgin(ini adalah folder asal bagi pidgin-saya ubah nama sebagai backup) kepada pidgin2nd(kepada apa sahaja pun boleh cth:oldpidgin)
5,6-kembali ke directory Desktop
7-daripada folder pidgin di desktop tadi(yang kita extract tadi) saya move folder tersebut ke dalam /usr/share/pixmaps
8-Selesai!

Untuk melihat perubahan pada pidgin, sila restart pidgin!

Screenshot icon:

Diharap artikel pendek ini dapat memberi gambaran dan ilmu kepada pengguna baru Ubuntu.

Sumber::  Melayubuntu@Blogspot

Masalah login YM guna IM Chat Client

Pada 20hb yang lepas, Yahoo! Inc. telah membuat sedikit perubahan dalam server messenger mereka. Dan hal ini secara praktikalnya telah menyebabkan im client dalam linux sama ada Pidgin, Kopete, Empathy atau Gyachi, tidak boleh login atau lebih tepat lagi tidak boleh connect.

Lol! Patutla tak boleh nak connect ke ym. Rupanyer si Yahoo ni ubah login method kat server diorang! Tapi jangan bimbang, jika anda menggunakan Pidgin, sila upgrade pidgin anda ke versi 2.5.7.

Bukak Terminal dan pastekan:

sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com \ 67265eb522bdd6b1c69e66ed7fb8bee0a1f196a8

echo deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/pidgin-developers/ppa/ubuntu \ `lsb_release --short --codename` main | \

sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pidgin-ppa.list 

kemudian,

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get upgrade

Tapi jika anda menggunakan im client yang lain seperti Empathy, sila ubah url “server” seperti berikut:

cn.scs.msg.yahoo.com

Semoga berjaya!

Sumber:: Melayubuntu@Blogspot

Finally I can run Sabily 9.04 in my PC

Screenshot

After long night spending time to download and configure uisng Virtual Box finally… it running. This Sabily ubuntu is purposely for Muslim.

virtualbox

This picture Show the VirtualBox with Sabily install virtually inside .

This is how guide on how to install it on your computer run windows or ubuntu by using VirtualBox.

Run Sabily in Virtual Box

Follow these steps if you want to run Sabily on top of another operating system

Virtual Box is a virtualization software, that means you can execute a “guest” operating system on top of a “host” operating system. For example, if you have Windows installed on your computer, you can run Sabily like an application on Windows. No need to burn a DVD with Sabily, then to install it on your computer… So if you are afraid to lose data by installing Sabily on your computer, or if you just want to quickly test it, install Virtual Box, download the Sabily image and execute it!

Here are the detailed instructions:

  • Download and install VirtualBox here
  • Download the Sabily image here (download both files, .vmdk and .ovf)
  • Launch virtualBox and select “import virtual appliance”, then browse to the .ovf file you downloaded (the .ovf file and .vmdk must be in the same folder)
  • Review the machine settings (especially memory, it is set to 512MB, but you can increase it if you have more memory) and launch it.
  • Log in using:  username -> test, password -> S)bilY (the keyboard is set to qwerty by default)

See the support page if you need help.

:: Other Guides ::

Install Sabily from DVD

Follow these steps if you don’t have any operating system installed on your computer

Download and burn the DVD: Download Links

Learn how to verify that your DVD download is ok: HowToMD5SUM

Learn how to create a DVD from your newly downloaded file: BurningIsoHowTo

If you can’t download the DVD, you can buy it here.

Then install it as a standard Ubuntu CD (documentation).

See the support page if you need help.

Convert a standard Ubuntu installation

Follow these steps if you already have installed Ubuntu on your computer

If you have an old version of Ubuntu, less than 9.04, you should first upgrade your system:

sudo aptitude update ;
sudo aptitude safe-upgrade ;
sudo aptitude dist-upgrade

Then, to convert Ubuntu to Sabily, follow these steps:

Open a terminal window (Applications→Accessories→Terminal), and execute the following command:

sudo wget http://www.sabily.org/sources.list.d/`lsb_release -cs`.list --output-document=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/sabily.list;
sudo apt-get -q update;
sudo apt-get --yes -q --allow-unauthenticated install sabily-keyring;
sudo apt-get -q update

Then install the sabily package:

sudo aptitude install sabily

Answer ‘Yes’ when needed.

If you want to install the optional package WebStrict (Web Content Filtering tool), just run the following command:

 sudo aptitude install webstrict 

Finally, restart your computer to apply changes.

See the support page if you need help.

Sabily 9.04 Packages

Islamicsoftware

DVD

Small version

Packages installed on the DVD:

Main softwares

  • sabily-artwork: customized usplash, GDM theme, Metacity theme, cursor, wallpapers etc.
  • minbar: Islamic prayer times application
  • zekr: Quranic Study Tool
  • zekr-quran-recitation-online-*: all available online recitations
  • zekr-quran-translation-*: all available translations
  • monajat: application that popups prayers every predetermined time
  • firefox-praytimes: Firefox extension that displays Islamic daily prayer times
  • webstrict: UI frontend to DansGuardian (web content filtering tool)
  • thwab: Electronic Encyclopedia System
  • hijra: Islamic calendar
  • mus-haf Othman : Othman Quran Browser

Arabic support

  • language-pack-ar: translations for language Arabic
  • language-pack-gnome-ar: GNOME translations for language Arabic
  • mozilla-firefox-locale-ar: Mozilla Firefox Arabic language/region package
  • aspell-ar: Arabic dictionary for aspell
  • acon: Text console arabization
  • bicon: Console that supports bidirectional text display

Full version

Same as above plus:

Multimedia

  • libdvdcss2: Library for accessing DVDs
  • libdvdread3: library for reading DVDs
  • w32codecs: Win32 codec binaries
  • vlc: multimedia player and streamer
  • flashplugin-nonfree: Adobe Flash Player plugin
  • gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg: FFmpeg plugin for GStreamer
  • gstreamer0.10-pitfdll: GStreamer plugin for using MS Windows binary codecs
  • gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad: GStreamer plugins from the “bad” set
  • gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-multiverse: GStreamer plugins from the “bad” set (Multiverse Variant)
  • gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly: GStreamer plugins from the “ugly” set
  • gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly-multiverse: GStreamer plugins from the “ugly” set (Multiverse Variant)
  • liblame0: LAME Ain’t an MP3 Encoder
  • msttcorefonts: Microsoft TrueType core fonts

Education

  • kturtle: educational Logo programming environment
  • stellarium: real-time photo-realistic sky generator
  • celestia: A real-time visual space simulation
  • kstars: desktop planetarium
  • kalzium: chemistry teaching tool
  • atomix: puzzle game for building molecules out of isolated atoms
  • kig: interactive geometry program
  • kmplot: mathematical function plotter
  • kbruch: fraction calculation teaching tool
  • tuxmath: math game for kids with Tux
  • tuxpaint: A paint program for young children
  • tuxtype: Educational Typing Tutor Game Starring Tux
  • xaos: real-time interactive fractal zoomer
  • khangman: the classical hangman game
  • ktouch: touch typing tutor
  • gcompris: Educational games for small children
  • kanagram: jumble word puzzle
  • ktuberling: stamp drawing toy
  • kalgebra: algebraic graphing calculator
  • kwordquiz: flashcard learning program
  • marble: Marble globe and map widget
  • parley: vocabulary trainer
  • step: interactive physics simulator
  • dia-gnome: Diagram editor
  • qcad: professional CAD system

Miscellaneous

  • sun-java6-jre: Sun Java(TM) Runtime Environment (JRE) 6
  • compizconfig-settings-manager: Compiz configuration settings manager
  • fusion-icon: tray icon to launch and manage Compiz Fusion
  • rar, unrar: Archiver/Unarchiver for .rar files
  • command-not-found: Suggest installation of packages in interactive bash sessions
  • nautilus-open-terminal: nautilus plugin for opening terminals in arbitrary local paths
  • glipper: Clipboard manager for the GNOME panel
  • wallpaper-tray: wallpaper changing utility
  • scribus: Open Source Desktop Page Layout
  • inkscape: vector-based drawing program
  • virtualbox: x86 virtualization solution
  • bzr: easy to use distributed version control system
  • aptoncd: Installation disc creator for packages downloaded via APT
  • galternatives: graphical setup tool for the alternatives system
  • startupmanager: Grub and Splash screen configuration
  • acetoneiso2: let You mount typical proprietary images formats of the Windows world such as ISO BIN NRG MDF IMG
  • ubuntu tweak: application designed to config Ubuntu easier for everyone.
  • envyng-gtk: install the ATI or the NVIDIA driver
  • gnochm: CHM file viewer for GNOME
  • pessulus: lockdown editor for GNOME
  • gnucash: A personal finance tracking program
  • clamtk: graphical front-end for ClamAV
  • catfish: file search tool that supports several different engines
  • gparted: GNOME partition editor

Full version with recitations

Same as above plus Quran recitations provided by www.versebyversequran.com: Muhammad Siddeeq al-Minshawi (16kbps, 193 MB), Huzify (24 kbps, 322 MB), Sa’ad al-Ghamadi (40 kbps, 433 MB) and Mishary Rashed Alafasy (40 kbps, 508 MB).

Note: this version is useful if you are not connected to the Internet or if you have a slow connection (all Sabily versions provide online recitations)

Main customizations and applications:

Sabily_quick_overview.mpeg (32MB)

Sabily_quick_overview.ogg (10.9MB)

Sabily 9.04 (Taibah) Adalah Transformasi UbuntuME

Ubuntu Muslim Edition adalah salah satu distro Linux yang ditujukan khas untuk pengguna beragama Islam, yang mana didatangkan dengan pelbagai aplikasi khas untuk seorang muslim. Terkini, mereka telah menukar nama distro tersebut daripada Ubuntu Muslim Edition kepada Sabily.

Sabily
Skrin Log Masuk Sabily 9.04

Bersama-sama dengan penjenamaan semula ini, mereka melepaskan versi terkini distro mereka yang berasaskan Jaunty Jackalope, iaitu Sabily 9.04 Taibah. Sabily membawa maksud “Cara Saya” [Ayat 108, Surah Yusuf]. Menariknya, kali ini Sabily didatangkan dalam tiga bentuk yang berbeza, berbanding sebelumnya yang sering didatangkan dalam bentuk fail DVD.

Untuk kali ini, Sabily didatangkan dalam bentuk ISO 935 MB yang mengandungi komponen-komponen penting, versi penuh 1.4 GB yang mengandungi sokongan kepada multimedia dan aplikasi pembelajaran, dan juga versi 2.8 GB yang didatangkan dengan pembacaan Quran secara tanpa talian. Selain itu, terdapat juga versi 184 MB yang mana mengandungi beberapa komponen dan aplikasi yang diperlukan untuk menukarkan pemasangan Ubuntu 9.04 kepada Sabily.

Melalui versi terkini, Sabily 9.04 [Taibah] membawakan beberapa fungsi dan aplikasi baru seperti:

  • Kalendar Hijrah melalui aplikasi Hijra yang baru.
  • Pelayar Quran lengkap – mus-haf Othman.
  • Rekabentuk grafik, tema, wallpaper, dan Usplash yang serba baru.
  • Desktop dengan penterjemahan 100% kedalam bahasa Arab.
  • Aplikasi waktu solat yang popular – Minbar.