How To Fix Disk Drive Suddenly Became RAW

DISCLAIMER: These examples use techniques that I actually employ in the real world to deal with real problems. They might be wrong or dangerous. They might be inefficient. If you try them yourself, it might cause damage or irreparable loss. I take no responsibility for anything you do based on my examples or the information that I provide here.

A common and befuddling problem with computers is the sudden and seemingly inexplicable disappearance of an external hard drive that has been functioning properly. It can be a breathtaking experience to suddenly be told that your data, often irreplaceable pictures and documents, might be gone forever.

As with many similar situations in life the appropriate response is “Don’t panic”. When approached sensibly and carefully, the situation can be resolved and the data saved more times than not. Here we will look at the causes, fixes and preventative measures for instances involving external drives being used with Windows XP and Windows Vista/7.

Error Messages

Common error messages associated with the sudden inability to access an external hard disk drive.

Windows XP Windows 7
DO NOT FORMAT THE DRIVE

When attempting to access the drive in Windows you may see a message asking you to format the drive DO NOT FORMAT THE DRIVE

You need to format the disk in drive before you can use it.
Do you want to format it?

Another error that you may see when trying to access the drive in Windows from a program or the command line is…

This volume does not contain a recognized file system. Please make sure that all required file system drivers are loaded and that the volume is not corrupted.

Attempting to run chkdsk in an attempt to repair the problem will give an error also…

chkdsk can not be run on the drive
The type of the file system is RAW.
CHKDSK is not available for RAW drives.

The Disk Management window shows the partition as either RAW or without a filesystem type.

Properties of the drive show that both used and free spaces are 0 byte in size for the raw drive
Windows XP Windows 7

What does RAW partition mean

A RAW filesystem simply means that it is a filesystem that is not recognized by Windows. Therefore all the available filesystem drivers are unable to mount the filesystem as a drive. This often happens when the records determining the filesystem type or location on the disk are damaged or corrupted, usually the partition table or the boot sector.
Since Windows sees no filesystem in the partition, it prompts you to format it in order to create a filesystem on it. DO NOT FORMAT IT.

Why does it happen and how to avoid it

The most common cause of external hard drives suddenly becoming RAW drives is if they are disconnected from a computer without using the “Safely Remove Hardware” option. This can happen in many ways such as a power failure, unplugging the drive from the USB port or from its AC adapter, a problem with the computer that causes it to temporarily disconnect the USB hubs and many more circumstances can lead to this occurring.
Always use “Safely remove hardware” to disconnect the drive. Left click the icon on the taskbar, select the device from the menu, and wait for the confirmation message.

How do you fix it

For this example, I chose the most heavily damaged disk with this issue that I could find in my collection of damaged disks. It has both of the most common problems. The partition table is corrupted and the boot sector of the main partition is also scrambled. The pictures of error messages above all came from this drive. The pictures of the repair process below are from the actual repair of this drive. Some images are from a virtual machine (simply to make it easier to get the screenshots) and some are from an actual desktop. This is a real repair not a manufactured example.

Before proceeding beyond this point, you need to be aware of the risks involved. If the problem with the drive is not simply a logical error but is a manifestation of physical damage then the more you use it and try to repair, the worse the damage may become. To minimize the risks, the drive can be taken to a professional who is experienced in this type of repair. If you wish to continue on your own there are three important rules to remember.

1. Computer problems are variable. You may very well come up with a different situation than I outline below. Make sure that you stop and think things through carefully when the process becomes different than I describe.

2. You DO NOT WANT TO WRITE ANYTHING TO THE RAW DRIVEexcept for the repaired MBR and repaired Boot Sector if necessary. Any other writing can overwrite data on the drive that you would want to keep.

3. This repair does not apply to solid-state drives (SSD). They are very different than normal drives and can erase important data on a RAW partition just by connecting power to them.

Do you want to recover anything extra important first?

It can put your mind at ease and make the process less stressful if you can successfully and quickly make copies of the most important files on the drive. After making sure that these files are safely copied to another drive, you can continue with repairing the drive with a much more relaxed demeanor and thus be less likely to make a mistake.
Often you can access the data on the missing drive by booting with a Linux LiveCD. The hard disk drive being used in this example is too damaged to do this but there is another article with instructions herethat uses a drive that while not visible in Windows was accessible with a Linux LiveCD.

Repair partition table and boot sector

In order to repair the most common problems that cause an external disk to suddenly become RAW we will use a PartedMagic Linux boot CD and one of the tools included on it called TestDisk. Both of these items are free and I urge you to donate to them if you are helped by their use and have the ability to make a donation.

This method allows us to work on the drive without attempting to mount it and gives us more direct access to it than trying to fix it in Windows.

First make a bootable CD or USB stick of PartedMagic. Instructions can be found here.

Boot the computer that has the bad drive connected to it with the PartedMagic CD/USB that you made. A menu will pop up, please select
1. Default Settings (Runs from RAM)

When it finishes booting you will notice that it looks kind of like a Windows desktop. The button in the lower left works like the START button in Windows XP and allows you to select and run various programs or shutdown the computer. To make things easy, I’ll just refer to this as the START button.

Click on the Terminal button down near the START button (It has a picture of a monitor on it) and type
testdisk
and press enter.

TestDisk is a console application so you have to use your keyboard to interact with it instead of your mouse.

Choose No Log and hit enter

Make sure that your external disk is highlighted
Choose Proceed and hit enter

Select Intel and hit enter (there is a slight chance that the partition is EFI GPT if the drive is 2TB or greater in size and at the bottom of this screen it says that Hint: EFI GPT was detected. If that is the case, select EFI GPT instead and try that.)

Select Analyse and hit enter

The partition data looks incorrect (an explanation of why is beyond the scope of this article)
Select Quick Search and hit enter

Say ‘Y‘ if it asks if the disk was made in Vista/Win7 (even if it was made in XP say ‘yes’)

Now the Quick Search will run

When the Quick Search completes, we see one partition (if you only see the option to CONTINUE at the bottom of the screen press ENTER one time to continue to the screen that you need to be at).

Lets look at the data on that partition press
P
and you should see a list of files/folders in the partition.

Hmmm… This looks like a bunch of diagnostic tools but not our missing data. We’ll need to look further. Press
Q
to go back a screen and then press
enter
To get to this screen, select DEEPER SEARCH and press enter.

Naturally, the Deeper Search takes longer than the Quick Search

When the Deeper Search completes we now see two partitions. The one we saw after the quick search and another one.

Select the new partition and press
P
to see the files/folders and now we see the data we want to make visible again.

Press
Q
to go back a screen and then press enter to get to this screen.
Select WRITE and press enter in order to write our new partition table to the drive.

Press Y to confirm that you want to write the new partition table.

As I mentioned at the start of this repair, this disk also has corruption in the boot sector of the partition that we are trying to make visible again. When this is the case TestDisk will stop at this point and ask you to fix it before it finishes writing the new partition table. If the backup boot sector is good (as in this case) simply choose BACKUP BSand press enter. In the event that the backup boot sector is also bad then choose REBUILD BS.

Press Y to confirm the boot sector repair

Then choose QUIT and press enter

Regardless of whether a boot sector repair is required or not, you will end up at this screen where all you can do is press enter. Then hit Quntil you are out of TestDisk.

Now remove the PartedMagic CD and shutdown the computerSTART>SHUTDOWN and then try booting it into Windows to see if the drive is now visible.

Here are the results for the drive used in this example…

Backup important files and run chkdsk

Now you should make backups of all important files on the drive in case it goes bad again and then run chkdsk to fix any other filesystem errors that may still exist.
After backing up important files, right-click the disk in Windows Explorer and choose PROPERTIES. Go to the TOOLS tab and click CHECK NOW. Check both options and click START.

Hopefully, this solves your problem. Please feel free to contact me through the contact form or comments if you have any questions or suggestions for this post.

Credit 2:-http://html5.litten.com/how-to-fix-external-disk-drive-suddenly-became-raw/

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2 easy way to Create Windows 7 Live CD

Before we get into creating a Live CD, lets understand what exactly it is and how it can save you a lot of trouble in case of a computer crash or malware infection on your PC. A Live CD is basically a bootable storage device that contains an operating system (OS). What is different about a live CD is the fact that the working of the OS does not depend on the hard drive. Why do you need a Live CD? If your Windows operating system crashes completely, you will have limited access to important files.By using a Live CD, you can easily access these files and transfer them to another storage device. You can also use a Live CD to clean severe malware infections. In some cases, the malware blocks all executable programs—which prevents your antivirus software from running. By using a LiveCD, the malware’s defense will be completely obsolete!

There are numerous types of Live CD software like Linux that allow you to recover and fix your computer. However since many of these Live CDs are based on different platforms, they are not fully compatible with Windows. Therefore, you will have problems scanning your Windows drive from a different operating system (like Linux) on a Live CD. Creating a Windows Live CD allows you to fix many errors on your Windows drive with much more convenience.

In this guide, you are going to learn how to create a Windows 7 Live CD – the easy way. There are other tutorials about this on the Web, but they mostly involve using WinBuilder—which doesn’t always work successfully. In this guide, you are going to learn how to create a live CD using Make_PE3 which is a better alternative as well as with WinBuilder. After reading about each software you can choose which one to use for creating a Live CD. Continue reading

Offline files in Windows ?

If you’ve ever needed to access important files stored in a shared folder on your network but couldn’t because the network connection was unavailable, then you can understand the need for offline files. Using offline files, you can access files stored in shared network folders even when the network copies are unavailable. You can do this by choosing the network files you want to make available offline, which automatically creates a copy of the network files on your computer. These copies of network files that are stored on your computer are called offline files. Windows will automatically sync your offline files for you and open them whenever the network versions are unavailable.

For instructions on how to use offline files, see Working with network files when you are offline.

You can access network files when you can connect to the computer where the network files are stored
You can access local copies of network files when you can’t connect to the computer where the network files are stored

Continue reading

KURSUS KOMPUTER PEMAHAMAN DAN SELESAIAN TEKNIKAL KESELAMATAN ICT

Windows 7 SP1 now available for everyone

Microsoft shipped the most important update yet to Windows 7 yesterday–or so you’d conclude from the Redmond, Wash., company’s home-page promotion of this Service Pack 1 patch. Its name would suggest the same; Microsoft ranks Service Packs among its most comprehensive, sweeping fixes, issued only two or three times for an edition of Windows.

windows_7_sp1_ready.PNG

Although the initial dialog in Windows Update suggested this download could run anywhere from 44 to 533.1 megabytes, this machine only needed a 62.5 MB download, or less than a tenth ofsome of Apple’s Mac OS X updates. Windows Update took about 30 minutes to install SP1, after which the computer spent another 24 minutes in a post-reboot “configuring” session. Continue reading

Fix desktop.ini Auto Open in Notepad on Boot Up in Windows

Users who have downloaded and installed Windows 7 Build 7057 may have noticed that a notepad window will automatically open upon every system startup or reboot. The Notepad will open desktop.ini with the following text:

[.ShellClassInfo]
LocalizedResourceName=@%SystemRoot%\system32\shell32.dll,-21787

Obviously, it’s a ‘bug’ that a desktop.ini file been mistakenly been placed or created on a location where it should not. To fix the desktop.ini auto open on Windows 7 Build 7057 is pretty easy, just by removing and deleting the desktop.ini from the Startup folder, which Windows operating system loads on every boot up.

Fix Windows 7 Build 7057 Notepad Auto Open Desktop.ini on Startup Bug

  1. Open Windows Explorer, then click on Organize -> Folder and Search Options.
  2. Go to View tab.
  3. Under “Hidden files and folders” tree, select Show hidden files, folders and drives.
  4. Uncheck Hide protected operating system files in order to be able to view the hidden desktop.ini file.
  5. Click OK when done.
  6. Navigate to C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup folder, or alternatively, just typeshell:common startup in Start Search and hit Enter.
  7. Delete desktop.ini file inside the folder.
  8. Navigate toC:\Users\USERNAME\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup folder, or alternatively, just type shell:startup in Start Search and hit Enter.
  9. Delete desktop.ini file inside the folder.
  10. The bug has been fixed, and no Notepad window with desktop.ini will appear on reboot or startup anymore.

Source :- mydigitallife.info &   http://support.microsoft.com/kb/330132

Top 7 – 2011 Data Recovery Software Comparisons

Rank #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7
Excellent score Excellent
Very good score Very Good
Good score Good
Fair score Fair
Poor score Poor
Digital Rescue Premium Advanced Disk Recovery Recover My Files Data Recovery Wizard Total Recall Handy Recovery Windows Data Recovery
Digital Rescue Premium Advanced Disk Recovery Recover My Files Data Recovery Wizard Total Recall Handy Recovery Windows Data Recovery
Reviewer Comments Read Review
Watch Video Review
Read Review Read Review Read Review Read Review Read Review Read Review
Lowest Price Buy Digital Rescue Premium 3.1
$49.99
Buy Advanced Disk Recovery
$39.95
Buy Recover My Files 4.6
$69.95
Buy Data Recovery Wizard 5.0.1
$69.95
Buy Total Recall 1.1
$99.95
Buy Handy Recovery 4
$49.00
Buy Windows Data Recovery 2.0.1
$129.00
Overall Rating Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent Very Good Very Good
Ratings
Feature Set Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent Very Good Excellent Very Good
Ease of Use Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent
Recovery Effectiveness Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent Excellent
Help/Documentation Excellent Excellent Very Good Very Good Very Good Very Good Excellent
View Specifications Go! Go! Go! Go! Go! Go! Go!
View Screenshots View Digital Rescue Premium screenshots View Advanced Disk Recovery screenshots View Recover My Files screenshots View Data Recovery Wizard screenshots View Total Recall screenshots View Handy Recovery screenshots View Windows Data Recovery screenshots
Data Recovery Features      Continue reading

Imagining Windows 8 has Xbox, Kinect, and Surface

One of the things that appears clear from some of the changes at Microsoft is that Steve Ballmer is pulling down some of the traditional siloes, and forcing groups to work together more closely. On stage at CES, Steve showcased four products, Windows 7 with an ARM future, Windows Phone 7, Xbox Kinect, and Surface. While he didn’t specifically talk about the new Windows 8 (the name for the next generation of Windows has not yet been decided), the proximity of these technologies has many of us wondering whether Windows 8 could be the Mother of all Microsoft OS offerings.    Continue reading

Chrome OS on USB

Just a few days ago, Google announced the release of the Chrome OS source code. Within less than 24 hours, the web was littered with disk images for running the new OS on virtual machines such as VMWare and VirtualBox. I even managed to put together my ownGoogle Chrome OS download in the form of a complete VirtualBox appliance. I’m pleased to announce that I’ve taken it a step further, and now you can easily try it on your own computer from a USB thumb drive.

Before You Get Started

Before you decide to download Chrome OS, there are probably a few things I should tell you about it. It is in the very early stages of development, so there is still a lot of stuff that doesn’t work. In fact, it may not work for you at all.

You should also be made aware that this operating system is very simplistic by design, as it is intended for use on netbook computers. By definition, a netbook is a small and inexpensive laptop intended for very casual use such as web browsing and simple office tasks. When you launch Chrome OS, pretty much all you get is a web browser. Don’t be surprised if you go through all this and say to yourself, “I did all that work just to log into a freakin’ browser?”

Continue reading

10 easy ways to play with Linux without leaving Windows

While I haven’t made the switch to Linux full time, I find myself spending more and more time experimenting of late. In particular, I’m enjoying projects like Moblin and the Ubuntu Netbook Remix.

If you’re still using Windows for your primary OS there are tons of ways to get your feet wet like a true penguin without making any serious commitments. Here are ten ways to play with Linux painlessly — if you have another to share, please post it in the comments!

Virtualization

Moba LiveCD
Moba uses QEMU to boot LiveCD and LiveUSB images right from your Windows desktop. It works as a portable app and also offers context menu integration so you can right-click to launch fresh images.

Portable Ubuntu
Using Colinux, Pulseaudio for Windows, and the Xming X server, this package allows you to boot a fully-working Ubuntu environment inside Windows right from your usb flash drive. The bigger the better, obviously. I’d recommend an 8GB or 16GB if you plan on using it regularly.


VirtualBox
and VirtualboxImages.com

Sun’s VirtualBox is a very capable virtualization app, and it’s certainly priced right. Sure, you can download LiveCD ISO files, mount them, and sit through a boring install process — but why bother? Head over to VirtualBoxImages.com and grab some ready-to-use VMs.

VMWare Player and Appliances MarketplaceIf you don’t want to pony up for Workstation, VMWare’s free player is a good, free way you can experiment with loads of Linux distros. Just grab them from the Appliance Marketplace – community members are always contributing new releases.

KDE for Windows
While it’s not quite “playing with Linux,” being able to experiment with a whole slew of KDE apps on Windows is pretty slick. Download the installer, choose the KDE goodies you want to install, and wait – the process can take quite a long time depending on how much there is to download.

USB Flash Drive Utilities

Fedora LiveUSB Creator and UNetBootIn
Burning CDs and DVDs takes too long, and it usually ends up in a lot of waste. I can’t count how many time I’ve found a stack of unloved, scratched up Linux discs laying around the shop. These two utilities allow you to transfer those ISO and IMG files to a USB flash drive instead.

LiLi (formerly USBuntu Live Creator)
Unlike the previous apps, LiLi can also wrap your distro in VirtualBox for portable booting from any Windows box. LiLi can also create persistent storage areas on your flash drive for LiveUSB environments.

Others

Boot.kernel.org
This might not be the best way to play if you’re stuck on a moderate-speed DSL connection like I am, but it’s still a pretty amazing option. Grab yourself a GPXE boot image for USB, floppy, or CD, and boot your choice of Debian, Ubuntu, Damn Small, Knoppix, or Fedora – over the Internet. How cool is that?

Wubi
Download Ubuntu or any of the official variants – Kubuntu, Xubuntu, etc. – and mount the ISO file in Windows using an app like Virtual Clonedrive (or your favorite alternative). You’ll find wubi.exe in the drive’s root folder – launch it, and you’ll have a Ubuntu install accessible via the Windows boot menu in a matter of minutes.

Many Ubuntu-based distros – like Mint, for example – make use of Wubi as well.

 

Windows 7 Edition Comparison

Introduction

There are total 5 editions Microsoft offers to Windows 7, from starter all the way up to enterprise, which pretty much covered all levels of use. Whether you are a basic home user, or IT pro, or a savvy user in large enterprise, you will find one edition that suits your needs perfectly.

Starter Edition

The edition is the one Microsoft made just for small notebook PCs, and is only available through the OEM channel on the new PCs limited to the specific types of hardware. So you can’t buy it directly from any sales channel. The features on Starter Edition are quite limited but still supports the unique features that are only available on Windows 7, such as Jump Lists, Pin, Snap, and Windows Search. If you want to enjoy more multimedia entertainment on your PC, Microsoft recommends Home Premium.

Enterprise

Windows 7 Enterprise is the Windows 7 edition with unique technology designed to address the needs of enterprise customers, and only available through Microsoft Software Assurance Licensing. It has a few features that are not available in other editions, such as:

  1. DirectAccess
    Give mobile users seamless access to corporate networks without a need to VPN.
  2. BranchCache
    Decrease time branch office users spend waiting to download files across the network.
  3. Enterprise Search Scopes
    Find information on network locations including SharePoint sites with a simple user interface.
  4. BitLocker & BitLocker To Go
    Help protect data on PCs and removable drives, with manageability to enforce encryption and backup of recovery keys.
  5. AppLocker
    Specify what software is allowed to run on user’s PCs through centrally managed, but flexible, Group Policies.
  6. Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) Optimizations
    Improved user experience for VDI with multimon and microphone support. Plus the ability to reuse virtual machine (VHD) images to boot a physical PC.
  7. Multi Lingual User Interface
    Create a single operating system (OS) image for deployment to users worldwide.

Windows 7 Edition comparison chart

Features / Availability Home Premium Professional Enterprise Ultimate
Retail and OEM licensing Retail, OEM and Volume licensing Volume licensing Retail and OEM licensing
End of Life 2015.01.13 2020.01.14 2020.01.14 2015.01.13
Maximum physical memory (64-bit mode) 16 GB 192 GB 192 GB 192 GB
32-bit and 64-bit versions Both Both Both Both
Maximum physical CPUs supported 1 2 2 2
Backup and Restore Center Cannot back up to network Yes Yes Yes
Home Group (create and join) Yes Yes Yes Yes
Multiple monitors Yes Yes Yes Yes
Fast user switching Yes Yes Yes Yes
Desktop Wallpaper Changeable Yes Yes Yes Yes
Desktop Window Manager Yes Yes Yes Yes
Windows Mobility Center Yes Yes Yes Yes
Windows Aero Yes Yes Yes Yes
Multi-Touch Yes Yes Yes Yes
Premium Games Included Yes Disabled by default Disabled by default Yes
Windows Media Center Yes Yes Yes Yes
Windows Media Player Remote Media Experience Yes Yes Yes Yes
Encrypting File System No Yes Yes Yes
Location Aware Printing No Yes Yes Yes
Remote Desktop Host No Yes Yes Yes
Presentation Mode No Yes Yes Yes
Windows Server domain joining No Yes Yes Yes
Windows XP Mode No Yes Yes Yes
Software Restriction Policies No Yes Yes Yes
Aero glass remoting No No Yes Yes
Windows Media Player multimedia redirection No No Yes Yes
Audio recording over Terminal Services No No Yes Yes
Multi-display Terminal Services No No Yes Yes
Federated Search No No Yes Yes
AppLocker No No Yes Yes
BitLocker Drive Encryption No No Yes Yes
BranchCache Distributed Cache No No Yes Yes
DirectAccess No No Yes Yes
Subsystem for Unix-based Applications No No Yes Yes
Multilingual User Interface Pack No No Yes Yes
Virtual Hard DiskBooting No No Yes Yes

New Operation System – middle year 2010 out

gchrome-660x427

Google’s blog announces a natural extension of the Chrome project: an operating system for netbooks. “Google Chrome OS is an open source, lightweight operating system that will initially be targeted at netbooks. Later this year we will open-source its code, and netbooks running Google Chrome OS will be available for consumers in the second half of 2010. (…) Google Chrome OS will run on both x86 as well as ARM chips and we are working with multiple OEMs to bring a number of netbooks to market next year. The software architecture is simple — Google Chrome running within a new windowing system on top of a Linux kernel.”

As people use more and more web applications, the operating system becomes less important and it makes no sense to pay for it. The desktop mail client could be replaced by Gmail, the calendaring application could be replaced by Google Calendar, the office suite has lightweight alternatives: Google Docs and Zoho, it makes more sense to use an online feed reader like Google Reader, your scientific calculator is less powerful than Wolfram Alpha and you’ll rarely need a video player when you have YouTube, Hulu and other video sites.

This idea is not new and there are already operating systems optimized for the browser. For example, Good OS announced last year Cloud, an operating system that “integrates a web browser with a compressed Linux operating system kernel for immediate access to Internet, integration of browser and rich client applications, and full control of the computer from inside the browser”. If Google manages to create a great user interface, the new operating system could be very successful.

Apt-cdrom can’t mount device

Binary package hint: synaptic

This bug concerns the pre-installed Ubuntu x.xx on the Dell 1420 laptop: sudo apt-cdrom add cannot mount the CD_ROM (ditto for synaptic). There is a known fix (see below)- the reason I’m reporting it is because it occurs on the *pre-installed* Ubuntu. The consequence is that the user can’t install more packages from the Ubuntu CD “out of the box” (like build-essential, which is needed for gcc to find the standard include files). Instead he has to perform some sysadmin functions that are likely beyond the technical competence of many users- it was for me anyway.

Anyway, here’s the relevent configuration out of the box:
In / we have:
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 11 2007-08-25 01:15 cdrom -> media/cdrom

In /media we have:
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 6 2007-08-25 01:16 cdrom -> cdrom0
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 1024 2007-06-21 07:12 cdrom0
dr-xr-xr-x 13 ben root 4096 2007-04-15 06:52 Ubuntu 7.04 i386

(The last entry there is the actual CD.)

mount shows:
/dev/hda on /media/Ubuntu x.xx i386 type iso9660 (ro,nosuid,nodev,uid=1000,utf

in /etc/fstab we have:
/dev/scd0 /media/cdrom0 udf,iso9660 user,noauto 0 0

The solution (one of many probably) is to change the entry in /etc/fstab from /dev/scd0 to /dev/hda

I’m new around here, so I don’t know all the issues involved, but shouldn’t we be able to insure that in the pre-installed Ubuntu on Dell, synaptic and apt-cdrom work without any problem? Is this an issue for Ubuntu or for the Dell installation of it?

Source ::   launchpad-logo-and-name-hierarchy

Masalah login YM guna IM Chat Client

Pada 20hb yang lepas, Yahoo! Inc. telah membuat sedikit perubahan dalam server messenger mereka. Dan hal ini secara praktikalnya telah menyebabkan im client dalam linux sama ada Pidgin, Kopete, Empathy atau Gyachi, tidak boleh login atau lebih tepat lagi tidak boleh connect.

Lol! Patutla tak boleh nak connect ke ym. Rupanyer si Yahoo ni ubah login method kat server diorang! Tapi jangan bimbang, jika anda menggunakan Pidgin, sila upgrade pidgin anda ke versi 2.5.7.

Bukak Terminal dan pastekan:

sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com \ 67265eb522bdd6b1c69e66ed7fb8bee0a1f196a8

echo deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/pidgin-developers/ppa/ubuntu \ `lsb_release --short --codename` main | \

sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pidgin-ppa.list 

kemudian,

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get upgrade

Tapi jika anda menggunakan im client yang lain seperti Empathy, sila ubah url “server” seperti berikut:

cn.scs.msg.yahoo.com

Semoga berjaya!

Sumber:: Melayubuntu@Blogspot

Finally I can run Sabily 9.04 in my PC

Screenshot

After long night spending time to download and configure uisng Virtual Box finally… it running. This Sabily ubuntu is purposely for Muslim.

virtualbox

This picture Show the VirtualBox with Sabily install virtually inside .

This is how guide on how to install it on your computer run windows or ubuntu by using VirtualBox.

Run Sabily in Virtual Box

Follow these steps if you want to run Sabily on top of another operating system

Virtual Box is a virtualization software, that means you can execute a “guest” operating system on top of a “host” operating system. For example, if you have Windows installed on your computer, you can run Sabily like an application on Windows. No need to burn a DVD with Sabily, then to install it on your computer… So if you are afraid to lose data by installing Sabily on your computer, or if you just want to quickly test it, install Virtual Box, download the Sabily image and execute it!

Here are the detailed instructions:

  • Download and install VirtualBox here
  • Download the Sabily image here (download both files, .vmdk and .ovf)
  • Launch virtualBox and select “import virtual appliance”, then browse to the .ovf file you downloaded (the .ovf file and .vmdk must be in the same folder)
  • Review the machine settings (especially memory, it is set to 512MB, but you can increase it if you have more memory) and launch it.
  • Log in using:  username -> test, password -> S)bilY (the keyboard is set to qwerty by default)

See the support page if you need help.

:: Other Guides ::

Install Sabily from DVD

Follow these steps if you don’t have any operating system installed on your computer

Download and burn the DVD: Download Links

Learn how to verify that your DVD download is ok: HowToMD5SUM

Learn how to create a DVD from your newly downloaded file: BurningIsoHowTo

If you can’t download the DVD, you can buy it here.

Then install it as a standard Ubuntu CD (documentation).

See the support page if you need help.

Convert a standard Ubuntu installation

Follow these steps if you already have installed Ubuntu on your computer

If you have an old version of Ubuntu, less than 9.04, you should first upgrade your system:

sudo aptitude update ;
sudo aptitude safe-upgrade ;
sudo aptitude dist-upgrade

Then, to convert Ubuntu to Sabily, follow these steps:

Open a terminal window (Applications→Accessories→Terminal), and execute the following command:

sudo wget http://www.sabily.org/sources.list.d/`lsb_release -cs`.list --output-document=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/sabily.list;
sudo apt-get -q update;
sudo apt-get --yes -q --allow-unauthenticated install sabily-keyring;
sudo apt-get -q update

Then install the sabily package:

sudo aptitude install sabily

Answer ‘Yes’ when needed.

If you want to install the optional package WebStrict (Web Content Filtering tool), just run the following command:

 sudo aptitude install webstrict 

Finally, restart your computer to apply changes.

See the support page if you need help.

Sabily 9.04 Packages

Islamicsoftware

DVD

Small version

Packages installed on the DVD:

Main softwares

  • sabily-artwork: customized usplash, GDM theme, Metacity theme, cursor, wallpapers etc.
  • minbar: Islamic prayer times application
  • zekr: Quranic Study Tool
  • zekr-quran-recitation-online-*: all available online recitations
  • zekr-quran-translation-*: all available translations
  • monajat: application that popups prayers every predetermined time
  • firefox-praytimes: Firefox extension that displays Islamic daily prayer times
  • webstrict: UI frontend to DansGuardian (web content filtering tool)
  • thwab: Electronic Encyclopedia System
  • hijra: Islamic calendar
  • mus-haf Othman : Othman Quran Browser

Arabic support

  • language-pack-ar: translations for language Arabic
  • language-pack-gnome-ar: GNOME translations for language Arabic
  • mozilla-firefox-locale-ar: Mozilla Firefox Arabic language/region package
  • aspell-ar: Arabic dictionary for aspell
  • acon: Text console arabization
  • bicon: Console that supports bidirectional text display

Full version

Same as above plus:

Multimedia

  • libdvdcss2: Library for accessing DVDs
  • libdvdread3: library for reading DVDs
  • w32codecs: Win32 codec binaries
  • vlc: multimedia player and streamer
  • flashplugin-nonfree: Adobe Flash Player plugin
  • gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg: FFmpeg plugin for GStreamer
  • gstreamer0.10-pitfdll: GStreamer plugin for using MS Windows binary codecs
  • gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad: GStreamer plugins from the “bad” set
  • gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-multiverse: GStreamer plugins from the “bad” set (Multiverse Variant)
  • gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly: GStreamer plugins from the “ugly” set
  • gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly-multiverse: GStreamer plugins from the “ugly” set (Multiverse Variant)
  • liblame0: LAME Ain’t an MP3 Encoder
  • msttcorefonts: Microsoft TrueType core fonts

Education

  • kturtle: educational Logo programming environment
  • stellarium: real-time photo-realistic sky generator
  • celestia: A real-time visual space simulation
  • kstars: desktop planetarium
  • kalzium: chemistry teaching tool
  • atomix: puzzle game for building molecules out of isolated atoms
  • kig: interactive geometry program
  • kmplot: mathematical function plotter
  • kbruch: fraction calculation teaching tool
  • tuxmath: math game for kids with Tux
  • tuxpaint: A paint program for young children
  • tuxtype: Educational Typing Tutor Game Starring Tux
  • xaos: real-time interactive fractal zoomer
  • khangman: the classical hangman game
  • ktouch: touch typing tutor
  • gcompris: Educational games for small children
  • kanagram: jumble word puzzle
  • ktuberling: stamp drawing toy
  • kalgebra: algebraic graphing calculator
  • kwordquiz: flashcard learning program
  • marble: Marble globe and map widget
  • parley: vocabulary trainer
  • step: interactive physics simulator
  • dia-gnome: Diagram editor
  • qcad: professional CAD system

Miscellaneous

  • sun-java6-jre: Sun Java(TM) Runtime Environment (JRE) 6
  • compizconfig-settings-manager: Compiz configuration settings manager
  • fusion-icon: tray icon to launch and manage Compiz Fusion
  • rar, unrar: Archiver/Unarchiver for .rar files
  • command-not-found: Suggest installation of packages in interactive bash sessions
  • nautilus-open-terminal: nautilus plugin for opening terminals in arbitrary local paths
  • glipper: Clipboard manager for the GNOME panel
  • wallpaper-tray: wallpaper changing utility
  • scribus: Open Source Desktop Page Layout
  • inkscape: vector-based drawing program
  • virtualbox: x86 virtualization solution
  • bzr: easy to use distributed version control system
  • aptoncd: Installation disc creator for packages downloaded via APT
  • galternatives: graphical setup tool for the alternatives system
  • startupmanager: Grub and Splash screen configuration
  • acetoneiso2: let You mount typical proprietary images formats of the Windows world such as ISO BIN NRG MDF IMG
  • ubuntu tweak: application designed to config Ubuntu easier for everyone.
  • envyng-gtk: install the ATI or the NVIDIA driver
  • gnochm: CHM file viewer for GNOME
  • pessulus: lockdown editor for GNOME
  • gnucash: A personal finance tracking program
  • clamtk: graphical front-end for ClamAV
  • catfish: file search tool that supports several different engines
  • gparted: GNOME partition editor

Full version with recitations

Same as above plus Quran recitations provided by www.versebyversequran.com: Muhammad Siddeeq al-Minshawi (16kbps, 193 MB), Huzify (24 kbps, 322 MB), Sa’ad al-Ghamadi (40 kbps, 433 MB) and Mishary Rashed Alafasy (40 kbps, 508 MB).

Note: this version is useful if you are not connected to the Internet or if you have a slow connection (all Sabily versions provide online recitations)

Main customizations and applications:

Sabily_quick_overview.mpeg (32MB)

Sabily_quick_overview.ogg (10.9MB)